Question 1: Which disease is the single biggest killer in India in the age group of 50-69?
The answer is A. Hypertension or high blood pressure (Fig. 1) is the single biggest killer in India. In 2019, approximately 570,000 people died due to hypertension, amounting to 19.8% of all deaths in this age group. Across all age groups, the number of deaths attributable to hypertension was 1.35 million or 13.5 lakhs, accounting for 14.37% of all deaths.
Fig. 1: A comparative chart of causes of death in the 50-69 age group in India
Hypertension is elevated blood pressure. The systolic (upper) or the diastolic (lower) or both values can be high. Both should be normal. The accepted cut-offs for a long time were values greater than 140 systolic and 90 diastolic , but the definition of hypertension was changed to values above 130 systolic and/or 80 diastolic in 2017 by ACC/AHA . Many studies have shown that the lower the blood pressure, the longer people live disease free .
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